Pug dog breed – origins, characteristics and care Info

yellow brown and black pug dog

The pug is also known as a bulldog with a wrinkled face with many cute expressions. Pug dogs are small and medium in size, smart and fast, so they are very popular. The bulldog is also one of the most loved dogs in the world.

Once a mischievous companion to the Chinese emperors, the small but tough Pug is now loved by millions of fans around the world. Pugs live to love and be loved in return.

The Origin of the Pug

The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds to emerge from around 400 BC originating in China. When introduced to Europe in the 16th century, the Pug has become the most beloved and trendy pet dog, even becoming the official mascot of the Royal Dutch after saving the prince’s life. By 1885, the Pug was officially recognized by the American Dog Federation (AKC) as its own breed. And since then, this noble breed has remained popular all over the world.

There are many theories about the origin of the name Pug. One thinks that Pug is based on the Latin word “pugnus”, which means “holding hands” – meaning the dog’s face is like a clenched hand. In addition, the Pug dog also has other names such as Chinese pug, Dutch bulldog, Dutch mastiff, Mini mastiff.

Pug dog identification characteristics

The pug has a slim, square body but very muscular, the shoulders wider than the hips. 4 big stubby legs look very fond of eyes. The coat is thick but short, soft and smooth, with little loss, not stiff. The head is round, the ears are thin and small, the face has many wrinkles, especially on the forehead, sagging facial skin. The muzzle is short, the jaws slightly set, and the tongue is pink. Big round, sparkling eyes, but slightly convex, black. The short tail is often curled upside down. The average life expectancy of the Pug is 13 to 15 years.

Pug dogs
The image of a Pug, also known as a bulldog

– Size: Height from 25cm to 40cm when grown up. (Height from feet to shoulders)

– Weight: From 6 to 8.5 kg as an adult

– Color: The Pug has 2 main coat colors: light yellow brown and black. Dogs are light yellow brown, the ears and face are black. The black pug is jet black from head to tail.

2 basic colors of the Pug include light yellow brown and black
2 basic colors of the Pug include light yellow brown and black

Should you choose to raise a Pug, why?

Is a kind of love dog that lives affectionately and is very attached to it and especially loyal. The saggy-faced pug is not too big, slim, easy to hold, and clean so they love to pamper, pamper, but quite greedy.

Expressing emotions through faces : The Pug’s face is famous for being the most expressive of any dog . As a child, pug’s face seems a bit serious, sometimes sad, but quite hyperactive at times. When you get older, you show more of your happiness and sadness and make people laugh when you see them.

Pug's face
The expression on the Pug’s face

– Agile intelligence: Pug grows up to become a real friend, quite smart and agile, can play with children, play like real nannies. Sometimes a danger is perceived to be to one’s employer.

– Easy to teach: The Pug can recognize memory quickly and remember what its owner teaches, know how to use the toilet in the right place, eat and sleep in the right place. But also sometimes quite naughty and stubborn if not scolded.

– Gentle, friendly: Not as aggressive as Pitbull, Pug is very friendly and sociable with everyone.

How to raise a Pug

What do Pug dogs eat?

Pug is a very gluttonous dog, especially meat, starches such as rice, porridge, and Pug cake can all be eaten, but Pug is very obese. You can choose to purchase processed dog foods. However, the Pug dog’s diet should include:

– Protein accounts for 20-25%: Pork, beef, chicken, fish, eggs, offal …

– Fat accounts for 10 -15%: Supplementing with fish fat, chicken fat or vegetable oil (not for lard).

Starch and fiber: Green vegetables, carrots, sweet potatoes, potatoes, broccoli, zucchini, pumpkins, … shredded, mixed into rice and food.

What should not be fed to Pug?

Unlike other dogs, bones such as fish bones, chicken bones, pig bones should not be fed to the Pug because the jaw, muscles, throat and stomach are not suitable for digesting these foods. Bones can tear, puncture the oral cavity is not good for Pug.

Do not eat too many meats, fatty foods such as fat, skin, salty spicy foods, or rancid foods that will make Pub obese and bowel.

Nurturing stages

For small Pug from weaning to 2 months of age

When the baby is born to 2 months old, the Pug’s digestive system is not yet complete, so the foods are chopped up and cooked into porridge or minced for easy digestion. Feed about 5 times a day, 2 to 3 hours apart.

Pug is over 4 months old

By this age, Pug is older and the digestive system is quite complete. You only need to feed the dog 2 meals a day is enough, the amount of food gradually increases and depends on the weight and activity of the Pug to supplement the balance accordingly.

pug dog

Take care of the Pug

Pug is quite healthy and has little illness. Mainly obesity due to appetite and inactivity.

– Exercise : Should regularly take Pug for a walk from 15 to 30 minutes a day, exercise to consume excess fat, enhance agility to avoid obesity and lethargy. For playing running games that burn calories very well. Puppies should be socialized to keep an outgoing temper and get along well with other pets.

– Where to live : It is possible to build a private barn for Pug to live and regularly clean or stay with the owner. Large space is ideal for running and jumping.

– Temperature : Pug dogs cannot live in very hot or cold temperatures, suitable for living in mild weather conditions. Avoid letting dogs play in the sun, cold winter should wear clothes to keep warm.

– Hygiene : The Pug’s short, smooth and shiny coat needs regular care. Brush weekly with a brush to remove loose hairs and dirt on the skin’s surface. Clean the wrinkles on the Pug’s face to avoid the growth of bacteria that cause fungi, sores. Pug’s toenails should be trimmed regularly, as too long a nail can make it uncomfortable.

Bathing: Wash your dog regularly about every 3 to 4 days . After showering, clean the ears and between the toes, dry and warm the dog to avoid getting cold. Puppies do not need to bathe unless they are playing around with dirt that smells bad.

– Pregnancy: The average gestational period of the Pug is 9 weeks (63 days) from the time the fetus is formed and nests in the uterine horn to birth. The less pregnant the dog, the longer the gestation period. This time should add more rations and avoid making the dog stressed or active too hard to affect the baby in the belly.

Common types of Pug dog diseases

Because Pug has a rather special headbone structure, a short nose and lacks bone on the eye, they are very susceptible to eye damage, eye problems such as bulging eyes, corneal ulcers, and dry eyes. standard v Stand born and cleaned regularly lure eye.

The muzzle is short, the airways are also very narrow, causing difficulty breathing or the inability to regulate body temperature through tongue evaporation. Therefore, it is important to ensure the clean air of Pug residence.

Vaccination drugs

The Pug dog vaccine is designed to protect them from infectious diseases that can endanger their health and life. Although the mother may have been fully vaccinated and be able to pass that immunity to her puppies through postpartum milk (colostrum) within the 48 hour delivery zone, that protection will eventually ineffective over time.

According to lovespugs.com, during the first few weeks to the first month, core vaccines against disease-causing viruses such as hepatitis and rabies will be given to puppies. D network meeting is scheduled vaccinations for dog Pug the global veterinarian follow:

– Parvovirus is injected at 5 weeks of age

DHPP is injected at 6 weeks of age

– DA2PPC injected at 9 weeks of age

– Rabies injections from 12 weeks of age or older

– DHLPP is injected from 12 to 16 weeks of age

– The injections again after 1 year

girl pug names, female pug names

How to train the pug dog

Pug is very intelligent and quick and has a curious personality. It is necessary to establish a habit such as going to the toilet in the right place, sleeping in the right place and not biting Pug’s furniture when you first buy it. In addition, it also trains actions to follow the owner’s orders such as picking up, storing, closing the door, keeping an eye on the house, shaking hands

Teach the pug to pick up things

Show Pug the dog the item to be picked up, throw a bit away and shout “go” then use your hand to patted Pug’s thigh gently so that it will run and pick it up, when you bring it back rub your head and praise very good.

Train the Pug to shake hands

Pick up the food and squat in front of Pug, shout “shake hands” then use his left hand to lift Pug’s right leg on his right hand and then reward him with food. Every day do it several times to get used to. When he reached out and shouted , Pug raised his hand for himself to catch.

Teach the Pug to use the toilet in the right place

This is the basic exercise, teaches Pug how to go to the toilet in the right place, not going indiscriminately.

Observe if Pug is showing signs of running around, standing still, lifting his legs and sniffing, then quickly lead Pug to the toilet and then stand there so that Pug knows that he is only allowed to go to the toilet here. . Every day, about 3 to 4 hours should take the defecation once so that Pug has such a habit or observes the manifestation to take it away in time.

Teach Pug not to tear things

Whenever Pug is gnawing or ripping things, he can shout “do not bite”, Pug is afraid that a loud shout will release the item immediately. If you do not release, gently walk closer to the place, and patted Pug’s mouth and shout “release” so that next time he remembers not to bite.

Note when choosing to buy Pug dogs

The bred dog will be cheaper than the purebred Pug, but few people know this so it is easy to take advantage of the high price.

Note: When choosing to buy a Pug, you need to ask the seller to provide all relevant documents about the origin, health tracking, health care, warranty policy, support when buying.

Here are the characteristics of buying the standard Pug:

– Head: Pug has a big and round head, forming a very conspicuous arc, the nose is not broken and beveled upwards. On the face there are many elongated, deep grooves. Big round eyes slightly convex, short muzzle, droopy face, flat nose.

– Body: Square, neat and sure. The shoulders are wider than the hips, the legs are evenly large.

Neck: Big, short, close to body.

– Coat: Short, smooth, without spots, thick skin.

– TAIL: Curved backwards