Poodle dog breed: origins, characteristics and care Info

Poodle is classified into 5 categories based on size and still belongs to the same breed. The most popular types of pet dogs are Tiny, Toy and Miniature Poodle because of their small and medium size, smart and easy-going. Let’s learn more about the origin, characteristics Poodle below.

Poodles are considered one of the smartest dog breeds in the world. They are able to learn quickly, easy to teach and remember training very well. 

In addition, Poodle is known as “duck hunting dog” because of its good ability to swim in all weather, agility and obedience to its owner, so hunters often keep them to hunt birds or catch fish and ducks. Lake surface. 

Origin of Poodle dogs

The Poodle has been known throughout Western Europe for at least 400 years and is one of the oldest breeds of dogs trained to hunt ducks and fish on the water. However, in terms of official origin, both Germany, France, Denmark want to recognize the Poodle as the first breed of dog appearing in their country.

In fact, the English name Poodle is derived from the German word pudel, or pudelin, meaning poodle. And in France, Poodles is called Caniche, a name derived from Chien Canard meaning duck hunting dog. Therefore, many people recognize that the origin of the ancient Poodle appeared in Germany and was first bred separately in France. Poodle is the national anthem of France, and the French certainly love their Poodle. However, there is no breed like “French Poodle”. In France, Poodles is called Caniche, or “duck dog.”

The Poodle is a descendant of the French Water Dog, Barbet and Hungarian Water Hound breeds. They also have other names including :, Barbone, Tea Cup Poodle, French Poodle, Pudle, Teddy Poodle.

Some say that Miniature and Toy Poodles appeared right after Standard but many assumed that it was not until the 1400s that breeders started making smaller versions of the Poodle. The first is the Miniature, then the Toy which is smaller than the Miniature to please the Parisian owners. Toy and Miniature are created by crossing small Poodles together, not by crossing Poodles with other smaller breeds.

It is not known for sure when the Poodle arrived in the US, but the American Kennel Club registered their first Poodle in 1886. Poodle Club of America was founded in 1896, but disbanded soon after. Poodle enthusiasts re-established the club in 1931.

Classification of Poodle dogs

Poodle dogs are classified by the AKC International Dog Association into 5 types according to size, including:

– Standard Poodle: This is the original large size Poodle trained to be a hunting dog. Standard has the strong, agile properties and thick coat that helps keep heat well when submerged in cold water.

– Miniature Poodle : Poodle has a smaller size than the Standard line but still retains the original appearance and characteristics. Can still be a hunting dog, but mainly trained as a pet dog and find mushrooms in the woods.

– Toy Poodle : The Toy Poodle is smaller than Miniature is a popular breed as indoor dog because its size is moderate, not too big.

Tiny Poodle : Smaller than Toy Poodle, Tiny is extremely popular with pet dog owners because of its small, cute, cute appearance, easy to take out, picnic, …

– Teacup Poodle: Appearance no different from the Poodle above but small in size just like oranges, but low resistance compared to other types.

Information about the Poodle dog

The Poodle has consistently ranked at the top of the list of most loved species for 22 years from 1960 to 1982. Possessing a unique long, curly coat with a noble look with many attractive colors, the duck hunting dog The Poodle is considered to be the world’s most melodic dog.

Scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris

– Size and weight (Adult Poodle, from foot to shoulder): 

  • Teacup Poodle: Height less than 15cm; Weighs from 1 to 2 kg
  • Tiny Poodle: Height from 16cm to 23cm; Weighs from 2 to 3.5 kg
  • Toy Poodle: Height from 25 cm to 28 cm; Weighs from 4kg to 6kg.
  • Miniature Poodle: From 28 to 35 cm in height. Weighs from 6.5 to 9kg.
  • Standard Poodle: From 45cm to 60cm in height. Weighs from 20 to 32kg.

– Life expectancy: Average life expectancy is from 10 to 18 years.

poodle brown dog
Poodle brown dog

Characteristics of the Poodle dog

Poodle has many different sizes, but the most popular is Tiny Poodle, Toy Poodle, Miniature Poodle. 

Body: Overall, the Poodle has a balanced appearance with elegant and luxurious features. Standard body is tall upright, slim but a bit short, not fat, large size so it looks very beautiful. Remaining Toy, Tiny and Miniature are very beautiful and compact, looking like stuffed animals.

– Head: Round head shaped like a pear, ears have two types of butterfly ears and ears drooping down to the cheeks, big round eyes are shiny black brown, small mouth.

– Fur: Poodle’s fur is the most prominent feature of this ornamental dog. The voluminous natural fluffy bristles are wonderfully beautiful but very little shedding, easily cut and styled beautifully. Hair regrows quickly after cutting, usually covering everything from the head to the tail, covering the nail of the foot.

The Poodle has several colors

Poodle comes in 11 colors, the most common with full body black. Followed by the colors: White, apricot yellow, cream, gray, blue blue, white gray, yellowish orange, silver, brown, orange red.

Poodle dog personality

4 outstanding traits of Poodle are: Intelligent, lovable, loyal and playful are what Poodle enthusiasts often use to describe this breed’s personality. 

Despite its regal appearance, Poodle has a goofy personality and likes to play with people – Poodle is always ready to participate in any game. 

The Poodle is loyal and knows it must protect your home and family, and if a stranger comes near your home, it will emit a warning bark to let you know. Although the Poodle is very sociable and friendly with everyone, it may take a while to get used to a new owner.

A prominent feature of Poodle is its intelligence, an amazing intelligence that causes its owner to go from surprise to surprise. It can learn very quickly, remember everything trained and also imitate bad habits if you teach it.

Poodle also sometimes bites miscellaneous and spoiled furniture. Teach when to bark and when to keep quiet. With its mischievousness, Poodle will bring toilet paper, towels, carpets, clothes, shoes to make their toys. Should strictly teach and buy a toy bone for them every time itchy teeth will have a substitute for gnawing.

Reasons to choose a Poodle dog

Obediently not picky

Poodle is very obedient, even without friends at home, Poodle is still sociable, playing with relatives and friends without a bit of sadness. Poodle is easy to care and raise, can eat a variety of foods such as rice, porridge, canned food, milk, nuts …

Smart obedience

Ranked as the 2nd most intelligent dog breed in the world, the Poodle quickly memorizes after only a few times of teaching. 

Cute appearance

Surely this is the biggest plus point of this breed, the appearance is no different from cute, lovely stuffed animals. Compact body, curly hair, easy to create decorative and grooming style to your liking.

No hair loss

Staying clean, without hair loss is also a factor that helps Poodle be popular around the world. When the hair is long enough, you can trim it as you like.

Playfully friendly

Poodle is easy to be sociable, play freely in crowded places, likes to explore and participate in outdoor games. The popularity of the Poodle is ranked 7 out of 196 by AKC. 


How to raise a Poodle

What do Poodle dogs eat?

Puck food is not picky, they are easy to raise, food can be fed to them such as rice, meat, eggs, fish, vegetables, … but be careful, feeding each age stage of the dog to avoid have indigestion, diarrhea or intestinal diseases.

Like any breed, poodles gain weight if overfed, which can cause joint problems and other health problems. Limit junk food, take your dog for a regular walk and feed the correct meal instead of always full of trays.

– Stage 2 to 3 months: At this time, the digestive system is not yet complete, so feed foods that are easily digested, ground or crushed so that the dog can easily eat. Porridge cooked with gravy, dry food soaked in warm milk is the right choice for this period. Absolutely do not feed the bones that will lead to choking, bleeding the oral cavity and intestinal system. Feed 4-5 meals a day in small amounts.

– From over 4 months to 6 months of age: By this stage, Poodle’s digestive system is more complete than before, you can cook beef, pork, chicken porridge, … chopped to supplement. nutrition. In addition, add eggs, milk, vegetables and dry food soaked in warm water so that the dog gets used to hard food, vitamins and fiber. Feeding from 4 meals a day.

– From 6 months old and up: By this stage, Poodle has developed stably, you can feed rice, regularly supplement vegetables, milk, … in addition, to Poodle’s coat Long and smooth you can add flipped duck eggs, the feathers will grow faster and smoother.

What Diet Poodle?

Poodle’s digestive system can only digest foods that are easy to digest, indigestible, spicy foods should not be fed. Foods that need to be eaten by Poodle such as:

– Food that is not properly cooked, foods that are rancid or musty are not allowed to be eaten by Poodle.

– Do not give hot or cold food, salty food, raw eggs, or undercooked animal organs

– Poodle cannot eat bones because their teeth are weak, along with the digestive system can not digest, leading to abdominal pain or more serious, intestinal perforation.

– Food that is too spicy or salty, too sweet also affects the digestive system and eyes of the Poodle. The candies and chocolates that are too sweet are not eaten by Poodle.

– Do not eat nuts (walnuts, sunflower, …), oily foods should also abstain from eating.

Poodle pregnant, giving birth to eat?

During pregnancy and childbirth, in addition to the daily diet, it is necessary to provide additional nutritious foods to enhance the nutrition of Poodle to feed and provide milk to the young. 

Note when feeding Poodle

– Provide full drinking water continuously 24/7

– The tray needs to be cleaned after every time your puppy finishes eating, put the tray away and remove all the food scattering on the floor.

– The leftovers of Poodle should be discarded because they will spoil for a long time, eating them causes abdominal pain to go out.


Take care of the Poodle dog

– Accommodation Accommodation should arrange a cool place, not too hot or too cold. Avoid drafts, winter should be warm and summer should keep the air ventilated and cooled regularly.

Sanitation: Clean the dog pen, regularly bathe the Poodle every 2 to 3 days to remove dirt. Remember to check your Poodle’s ears regularly every week to remove any dirt, redness or odors that could infect the Poodle, then wipe them weekly with a gentle, well-balanced ear wash pad. PH. Breeds with droopy ears are susceptible to ear infections because the ear canal is always dark and moist. In addition, the hair that grows in the Poodle’s ear canal sometimes needs to be plucked.

– Grooming: Use shower gel and conditioner to clean and condition the hair, then rinse several times to clean. Each time you finish bathing, should use a special dryer for dogs and cats to dry and use a special brush to brush for smooth and neat. When brushing, check for sores, hives, or signs of infection such as redness, pain, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet for prompt treatment.

Poodle Teeth: At least two or three times a week, you should brush this ruffled dog to remove the accumulated tartar and bacteria lurking inside it. Daily brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath for Poodle.

– Nail trimming: Cut nails once or twice a month if not worn out naturally. If you can hear the Poodle’s claw when running or walking, it’s time to prune. The short, neatly trimmed nails keep the feet clean and keep you from scratches as the Poodle eagerly jumps to greet you.

– Eye birth streak: Right eye should be clear, not red or discharge. Careful weekly checks will help you detect potential Poodle health problems early.

Poodle diseases are easy to encounter

Poodles are generally healthy, but like all other breeds, they are susceptible to several underlying diseases. Not all Poodles will have any or all of these diseases, but it’s important to know about them if you are planning or keeping this dog.

Addison’s Disease : Also known as adrenocortical insufficiency, this extremely serious condition is caused by the adrenal gland not producing enough adrenal hormones. Most dogs with Addison’s disease are vomiting, have poor appetite, and are lethargic.

Flatulence : This is a life-threatening condition that affects large and deep-chested dogs like Poodles, especially if they are fed an overly anxious meal during the day, eat quickly, drink plenty of fluids after eating. and exercise vigorously after eating. Flatulence occurs when the stomach is strained with gas or air and then twists. The dog is unable to burp or vomiting to remove excess air in the stomach, and the return of blood to its normal heart is hindered. The blood pressure drops and the dog is shocked. Without immediate medical attention, the dog could die.

Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism): This condition occurs when the body produces too much cortisol. It could be due to an imbalance of the pituitary or adrenal glands, or it can happen when the dog has too much cortisol due to other conditions. Common signs are drinking a lot and urinating a lot. If your Poodle has these two symptoms, get it to your vet.

Seizures: A common cause of seizures in all Poodles breeds is idiopathic epilepsy. It is often inherited and can cause mild or severe seizures. Therefore, if your Poodle has seizures, it is important to get it to your veterinarian immediately for examination.

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is caused by an underactive thyroid. It is thought to cause conditions such as epilepsy, hair loss, obesity, lethargy, hyperpigmentation, pyoderma and other skin conditions.

How to train Poodle

When giving an order, the command was short and clear. Break the resting rhythm for 20 to 30 seconds per command, if given the command in a rush, Poodle will be stubbornly unable to do it.

Every time you complete an exercise or movement, you should reward the Poodle with a treat to get excited and complete the exercise faster.

Review the old post every 1 to 2 days so that Poodle will not forget the song. Review old lessons first and practice new ones later to avoid confusion.

Coaching Poodle shaking hands

Command the Poodle to “sit”, hold your right hand out in front of you, hold the dog’s right leg with your left hand and place it on your hand and shout “shake hands”, then reward the Poodle with the food. 

Coach Poodle salute

Shout the command “sit” for the Poodle to sit down, correct posture. Shout “hello” then use your left hand to lift the right leg of the Poodle to touch the ear and then reward the Poodle with the food. Do it again and again a few times and a few days will be successful.

Training Poodle lying

Call the Poodle to stand in front of you, holding a tray for some food in front of your nose, then slowly lower to the ground. When the Poodle bends over and eats the food you gently press on the back for the Poodle to lie down and shout the command “lie”. Repeat a few times a day to be successful.

Note when Poodle plays with children

As with all breeds, you should always teach your child how to approach and touch the dog, and at all times monitor any interactions between dogs and children to prevent any biting or pulling on either the ear or tail of either dog. side. Teach your child never to approach any dog ​​while he is eating or sleeping or trying to take his food away. No dog, no matter how friendly, should never leave a child to play alone with the dog and not even the Poodle.

Note when choosing to buy Poodle

If you buy a puppy, find a good breeder. Ask them to provide clear information about the health of the Poodle’s parent life. A health certificate proves that a dog has been tested and has no problems with its health, origin, crossbreeds, etc. 

Published by

Henry Mark

Mark is Editor at dognamesbest.com covering Information about breeds, naming dogs. He's a graduate in veterinary medicine at the agricultural academy.