Golden Retriever Dog Breed Information & Characteristics

The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. Golden retrievers are smart, loyal dogs that are ideal family companions.

Golden retrievers are playful, yet gentle with children, and they tend to get along well with other pets and strangers. These dogs are fairly easy to train and get along in just about any home or family.

There is another potential downside to this breed: It is definitely not a watchdog. It may bark when strangers come around, but don’t count on that. Chances are, it will wag its tail and show that characteristic Golden smile.

Below are detailed information about this intelligent and lovely breed.

History/OriginThe Golden Retriever was originally bred in Scotland in the mid-19th century by the Scotsman Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, the Lord of Tweedmouth. The breed was developed by crossing a Retriever with a Water Spaniel. This breed was developed as a hunting breed.
PopularityGoldens are among the most popular breeds in America. The Golden Retriever is its 78th breed.
HuntingGolden retrievers are gun dogs that are excellent for hunting birds and other small prey.
Recognized by the AKCThe Golden Retriever was recognized by the AKC in 1925.
Guide DogThe Golden Retriever is the perfect canine choice to be a guide dog for the blind. It is an intelligent dog and loves to be given responsibility and obligation.
Golden Retrievers are friendly dogs who get along with everyone


HeadThe broad head
Tail TypeThe tail of a Golden Retriever is carried level with the back or is slightly upturned. The tail is curled, hairless, and measures 3.5 inches to 12 inches long.
Muzzle & noseThe nose should be of good size with large, open nostrils suitable for scenting. Preferably black, many Golden noses will fade with age or season.
Ear TypeThey have long floppy ears.
TongueGolden Retriever is mentioned with a long tongue.
TeethGolden Retriever adult dogs should have 42 teeth in total: that’s 20 on top of their jaw and 22 on the bottom.
Eyes ShapeEyes medium large with dark, close-fitting rims, set well apart and reasonably deep in sockets. Color preferably dark brown; medium brown acceptable.
FootGolden retrievers do have webbed feet. The webbed feet help them swim well for hunting waterfowl like ducks
Body LengthThe average Golden Retriever has a body length of 37.0″-42.0″ (94-107 cm)
Wrinkles & FoldsNo
HeightMale: 22–24 in (56–61 cm)Female: 20–22 in (51–56 cm)
WeightIt takes about 18 months for a Golden to reach their full adult weight:- Female: 25–32 kg- Male: 30–34 kg
Golden Retrievers shed profusely
When they are 6 months old they will begin to shed hair to replace the adult coat.

Feathers and colors

Coat ColorGolden Retrievers can be found to come in four general colors: Dark Golden, Cream, Light Golden, Golden. There are some cases of Golden Retrievers being a copper tone,black or white. They’re coated to darken at least a little as they grow up, especially if they have dark ears like a puppy. When they are a senior, their coat will likely lighten slightly again, in localized areas.
SheddingGolden Retrievers shed profusely, it shed all year round and there are at least two times a year that it is a lot(in the spring and fall). When they are 6 months old they will begin to shed hair to replace the adult coat.
Hair DensityDouble Coat:- A silky undercoat with high hair density- An oily outer coat with relatively lesser hair volume
GroomingThey need to be brushed daily and regular use of an undercoat rake will significantly improve the shedding.

All Around Friendliness

Child friendlyGolden Retrievers are one of 5 breeds listed as being good around babies according to She Knows. They are boisterous, large dogs that can accidentally knock over a small child.
FriendlinessGolden Retrievers are friendly dogs who get along with everyone, a tolerant attitude makes them great family pets. They rarely show hostility or aggression toward other dogs or people.
They like to cuddleGolden retrievers like to cuddle, cuddling and snuggling is how they may show their affection towards you.
Calm downThey will generally calm down a bit as they get older. You should expect to see your Golden Retriever become calmer when it’s around 2 to 3 years old. To calm it down more you will need to make sure to give it lots of exercise and training so that it is properly stimulated.

Other pet friendly

Compatibility with other dogThey seem to love playing with their own breed, but their relaxed nature makes them compatible with other dog breeds.
Compatibility with other petsThey’ll get along well with most other pets.
Golden Retrievers are a high energy sporting breed and require a lot of exercise.
Golden Retrievers are a high energy sporting breed and require a lot of exercise.


Energy levelHeight
BarkingGolden Retrievers love to bark. They ranked at No. 1 for having the loudest bark in the world at 113 decibels.
JumpGolden Retriever có thể nhảy cao tới 4 feet.
SwimMost Goldens like to swim because they have a dense, waterproof outer coat with a thick undercoat, which insulates heat against the cold, while the upper layer is longer and lies flat, repelling water. In addition, the shaving structure between the toes is membrane so it is very convenient for swimming.They can swim when they are 8 weeks old.
Running speedAverage running speed for Golden Retrievers is about 20-30 mph. Sometimes, It can run up to 35 miles(or 48 km/h) per hour in a dead sprint.
Sniffing abilityThe Golden Retriever has a very good sense of smell. They can use their noses to find people, trails and even food. They detect scents in the air but not on the ground, and are widely searched for people when traces on the ground are gone. They can smell a peanut a mile away!


Tolerance to coldGolden retrievers chịu lạnh rất tốt, chúng có thể chịu được thời tiết lạnh từ 45°F and 90°F. They do well if the temperature is below 40 degrees Celsius or 140 degrees Fahrenheit. And above 5 degrees Celsius or 41 degrees Fahrenheit.
Tolerance to hotThey can live in hot temperatures but they’re vulnerable to it. The ideal temperature for a Golden range between 60°F to 80°F. If temperatures in the 90s°F and 100s°F puts them in risks of dehydration, overheating, and sunburns.
Affinity to waterThe Golden Retriever is a waterfowl hunting dog so water exposure is no problem for them and they love water.
Kennel sizeBased on the adult size of a Golden Retriever, their crate size should be roughly 42 inches in length. Specifically, aim for dimensions of 42″ height x 28″ width x 30″ height. If you have a female, you may be able to get away with the 36 inch dog crate.
Golden Retriever is among the breeds most at risk of obesity
Golden Retriever is among the breeds most at risk of obesity.


Life SpanBack in the 1970s, they routinely lived until 16 and 17 years old, currently their average lifespan is 10-12 years. August is the oldest living Golden Retriever in the world with 20 years. Both male and female Golden Retriever have the same long life.
Veterinarian VisitsTry to make it every 6 months, but once per year as a minimum.
Prone to ObesityGolden Retriever is among the breeds most at risk of obesity. Up to 63% of this breed is overweight. Snacks can cause weight gain and make exercise more difficult, which leads to gaining even more weight. Overweight Golden Retrievers can have serious health issues that wouldn’t happen
Therapy DogThe Golden Retriever can be an excellent therapeutic dog, providing joy, comfort and support during the healing process of hospital patients. They act as therapeutic dogs due to their calm, gentle, intelligent, gentle and friendly personality with strangers.
AllergiesGoldens are often allergic to their skin itchy. The feet, abdomen, skin folds and ears are most often affected. Allergies are often caused by food or environmental agents, including mold, pollen, and seasonal allergies.
Common diseaseCommon health issues in Golden Retrievers are hip dysplasia, subvalvular aortic stenosis(SAS),allergies, skin problems, cancer and hypothyroidism.


LoyalThey are fiercely loyal to their owner,the loyalty of a Golden Retriever will be clear in its performance as a watchdog.
Cheerful, eagerYes
A Golden Retriever's bite is estimated at 190 psi
A Golden Retriever’s bite is estimated at 190 psi


BiteThey will bite in response to fear or distress. If the dog finds himself in a stressful situation, he may bite to defend himself or his territory. But they may also bite because of pain. A Golden Retriever’s bite is estimated at 190 psi. They have the 30th strongest bite among dog breeds.
DroolingGolden Retrievers drool like almost all other dogs. Common causes would include being too hot, anticipating food, anxiety, dental and gum problems, having something lodged in its teeth, eating or licking something poisonous and illness.
Lick a lotThe reasons it licks you are that it is showing you affection, grooming you, excited, stressed, or it is seeking attention.
Causes bad odorsGolden odor is caused by an infection of the anal sac or secreting a smelly secretion on their hair when scared or excited
NoisyThe Golden Retrievers make a noise when they are excited, wanting attention, and sometimes fear, anxiety.
FerociousGolden Retrievers can be aggressive even though they are typically one of the most gentle breeds. There are several things that can make a Golden  aggressive including neglect or abuse. Inadequate socialization can also create an aggressive Retriever.

Nurturing and caring

FoodsThey can eat almost ANY brand of quality kibble. On average, an adult Golden Retriever will eat between 2 and 3 ½ cups of food per day. Do not feed foods with Ethoxyquin, BHA, BHT, propylene glycol, or sodium nitrate/nitrite.
FeedingYou should feed them 3 times a day. Start feeding twice a day when he’s about 11 or 12 weeks old. Meal size will vary with each pup, but the average Golden puppy at 7 weeks is polishing off about 1/3 to 1/2 cup of dry food at each meal. Feed it dry with water available on the side.
BathThey like water however they have thick fur so they don’t need to be bathed as often as other dogs. Bathing for your Golden Retriever every two months is okay. If your dog starts to smell, it’s probably time for a bath.
The average litter size for a Golden Retriever is eight puppies
The average litter size for a Golden Retriever is eight puppies


MatingThe ideal age of a female Golden is from 18 months to 24 months. They usually go into heat the first time when they are 10-14 months old, the heat cycle of the female is every 6 months and lasts from 18 to 21 days.- Males become fertile after six months of age and reach full sexual maturity by 12 to 15 months.
Pregnancy periodNormally ranges from 57-65 days with an average of 63 days(or 9 weeks) from conception.
Litter SizeThe average litter size for a Golden Retriever is eight puppies. The nest size varies from 4 to 12 puppies.
Mixs– Goldendoodle
– Golden Collie
– Golden Chi
– Goldador
– Box Retriever
– Alaskan Goldenmute
– Golden Hound
– Golden Husky
– Beago
– Afghan Retriever
– Golden Mountain Mix
– Golden Dox
– Golden Bullmastiff Retriever
– Golden Pei
– Spangold Retriever
– Goldmation
– Golden Chow Retriever
– Great Golden Dane
– Golden Shepherd
– Goldenshire
– Saint Bernard Retriever
– Goldenbull
– Goldenweiler
– Goldmaraner
– Golden Newfie
– Goldenpyre
– Golden Irish
– English Goldstiff
– Golden Aussie
– Golden Bully
– Golden Ridgeback
– Golden Catahoula
– Golden Corgi
– Golden Vizsla
– Golden Heeler
– Golden Sheepdog
– Golden Malinois
golden retriever easy to train
Golden Retriever easy to train


IntelligenceThey’re about as smart as a 2 or 2.5-year-old human and can learn over 165 words. In fact, they’re the 4th smartest dog breed. They’re easy to train and easily pick up on human emotions.
TrainingThe best age to start training your Golden puppy: Angel Phase (2-6 months) , Teenage Rebellion Phase (6-18 Months).They are very intelligent so training is very easy, training time takes from 8 weeks to 2 years.

Price and cost of farming

PriceThe price varies greatly due to their popularity. Purebred Golden retrievers typically cost between $500 to $3,000. a Golden Retriever’s price is dependent on whether you are buying a pedigree dog from a reputable breeder, which would cost considerably more.
Cost of farmingThe average cost of raising a Golden Retriever for the first year falls within the $1,000 to $1,500 range, with an average cost of $1,200. The overall cost of a Golden Retriever is between $14,480 and $15,782.

Published by

Henry Mark

Mark is Editor at covering Information about breeds, naming dogs. He's a graduate in veterinary medicine at the agricultural academy.